Thursday, June 11, 2020
Brittany Maynard had an amazing life; she traveled around the world, volunteered at local orphanages, graduated University of California: Berkeley, and married her true love. A normal life. Suddenly, massive headaches began to frequently disrupt Brittanys everyday life. Doctors initially thought Brittany had a small tumor that would allow her to live another three to five years. After more tests, Brittany was diagnosed with a large brain tumor the shortened her prognosis to six months. The knowledge of a shortened lifespan made the whole family urgently search for a treatment. However, no treatment was possible to maintain her quality of life. Brittany determined that physician assisted suicide was the best option available. The ability to obtain physician assisted suicide was questioned earlier to be legal in the state of Oregon. Therefore, the family moved from California to Oregon in advance of the set day of death (Egan, 2014). Within the state of Oregon, physician assisted suicide was limited by federal regulation, which was thought to be controversial. This led to the Supreme Court case Gonzales v. Oregon (Mathes, 2006). The main premise of assisted suicide and the federal regulation and monitoring of the medical assistance provided was questi oned in the Supreme Court. The Controlled Substance Act, passed in 1970, requires physicians and doctors to obtain a federal registration to prescribe or dispense controlled substances (Mathes, 2006). This was thought to control the substance abuse issues in the country according to law makers. The Attorney General was given the power determine which substances were legal or illegal under the Controlled Substance Act schedules, or categories (Bostrom, 2006). Twenty years later, the Death with Dignity Act of 1994 allowed physicians in Oregon to assist patients seeking care in the state with suicide by prescribing lethal drugs, commonly barbiturates, as long as the patient meets he following conditions: the patient being 18 years old to make an informed decision; patient has a terminal illness that is thought to result in death within the next six months; patient must have diagnosis confirmed by other medical professionals; patient is informed of other options rather than death; family needs to be aware of the d ecision of assisted suicide from patient. Within the assisted suicide process, the physician only prescribes the lethal drugs and does not take part in consumption of the medications (Mathes, 2006). Physicians had mixed views on the act as assisted suicide procedures popularity increased after it had become legal. As of 2006, two hundred and forty-six patients had undergone the physician assisted suicide process (Westefeld et al 2009). A Supreme Court case in 1997, Washington v Glucksberg, questioned whether physician assisted suicide was constitutional. The court determined that the right to assisted suicide was within the constitutional range of topics for states, specifically the state of Washington, to create (Teitelbaum et al. 2007). Another case, Vacco v. Quill, questioned whether the right to assisted suicide denied equal protection. The Supreme Court ruled that the dying do not have the same equal protection from the Constitution than normal people. These two Supreme Court c ases declared that individual states can determine their own laws on physician assisted suicide as it does not violate the Constitution (Mathes, 2006). The Attorney General Janet Reno in the late 1990s was advised by representatives from Congress to declare the Death with Dignity Act as a illegitimate medical usage of drugs and would therefore violate the Controlled Substances Act. Reno refused to do so as this action would change the control of the states medical system. In 1998, a bill was introduced in Oregon that would allow the attorney general to override any physician registration that assisted in the suicide or euthanasia of any individual with the distribution of medications, or the improper usage of the medical practice. This bill was never passed in Congress. The next year, members of Congress made a similar bill to previous one that would not allow the attorney general to determine whether a registered practitioner would dispense medications for legitimate purposes that the public interest would approve of or support illegitimate medical procedures. This bill would also not pass Congress. At the turn of the century, John Ashcroft was named the new attorney general, who had previously advocated in congress to call the Death with Dignity Act an illegitimate usage on Controlled Substance Act. One of Ashcrofts first actions as attorney general was making a rule that made assisted suicide an illegitimate medical practice; however, this procedure directly violated the Controlled Substance Act. This change in perspective of the Death with Dignity Act gained opposing views which ultimately lead to a lawsuit (Mathes, 2006). Medical practitioners, including a physician and pharmacist, along with other terminally ill patients challenged the rule in Court (Mathes, 2006). Oregon prosecuted the attorney general for overstepping the powers granted to that position (Teitelbaum et al. 2007). Ashcroft stepped down as attorney general and was replaced by Alberto Gonzales, who became the namesake of the case. The attorney general argued that he was only exercising powers given to his position in the state government that was granted to him from the Controlled Substance Act (Mathes, 2006). In lower level courts, the attorney general was favored (Teitelbaum et al. 2007). In the Supreme Court, the ruling changed to 6-3 in favor of the defense as federal representatives lacking medical instruction should not be allowed to concern themselves with medical procedures that concern the health and safety of the community. Penalizing experienced physicians because of their practice was seen as an inappropriate action from th e attorney general. It was also determined that the law was not made to disrupt the organization of power between the state and nation (Mathes, 2006). This case has made various precedents for other states. The main standard was determined that government officials, regardless of title, should be allowed to exercise authority on medical care or procedures. The power of setting public health standards will continue to be a reserved power of the state. Although the Court must determine how far the federal government may impose itself on the standards (Teitelbaum et al. 2007). Government interference in medical procedures has become a questionable topic. Acts within the state of Oregon, such as the Death with Dignity Act and Controlled Substance Act, are uncommon in the United States and therefore unique regulations and monitoring. However, this rare circumstance resulted in government officials constantly watching the procedure and using their power to support or oppose the procedure. Oregon specifically addressed the problem as the attorney general used his power to influence the physician assisted suicide procedure. By challenging the ruling of the attorney general, the defendant hoped to make a definitive statement of how far the government may influence the medical process. With the Gonzales v. Oregon case, the Supreme Court declared that federal officials without medical knowledge should not be able to change medical procedures and practitioners, which is then generalized to other medical practices. Authority does not enable a government official to use their knowledge on a foreign topic. Gonzales v. Oregon made a clear division between health care procedure and government control.
Wednesday, May 27, 2020
Written by Pablo Romero Yusta, Master of International Marketing student, San Francisco campus, Class of 2016 Ã¢â¬Å"Remember! Keep your eyes and ears open in this land of opportunities. Your next job might come on your next Uber ride.Ã¢â¬ These were the last words I was told when I left the airport baggage carrousel afterÃ arriving in San Francisco for the first time having spent the flight from Madrid talking to a Google employee about their experiences. The stories they shared with me during the seemingly endless flight made me think that, in reality, networking is something that has always been central to business. In fact, my previous employer, Baker McKenzie, was born in exactly this way: back in the fifties, two successful lawyers shared a taxi ride home from work. They shared a vision and today it is the largest law firm in the world. If there is something Hult and our career advisors have pressed into us, it is the importance and power of networking. Whether you are looking to take one step further in your career or explore a different and exciting industry, we all now know it is the people you meet along the way that can help direct your path. Ã Luckily, San Francisco is a hub for every career. It is a metropolis that inspires you to always give your best; and it is a city almost overwhelming in its options for choosing career paths. Below are the five most important lessons I have learned as well as some alumniÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences: Go to places that excite you. This is my most precious advice. Attend events that truly resonate with who you really are. In the end, it is all about being authentic.Ã When you show your interests, passions, and hobbies that make your heart sing, it will be easier for you to develop real and personal relationships. Ã¢â¬Å"Networking in non-professional environments always makes it easier to connect with people. The key is to be completely yourself, show what motivates you, what interests you in life. If you are honest and get to communicate what you have, people will always give back to youÃ¢â¬ , says Moyra Neale, MIM alumni who graduated in 2015 and a current employee at Eve Sleep. Jump into conversations. You may feel awkward, a fool, or rude approaching a group of strangers just to strike up a dialogue. People in San Francisco are very outgoing and laid-back so donÃ¢â¬â¢t overthink it. Congratulating a panelist of a Twitter event as a way to break the ice led me to a very interesting conversation. Ten minutes later she took out her cell-phone and added me on LinkedIn. She turned out be a recruiter! According to Katherine Da Silva, MIM alumni who graduated in 2015 and current Google employee, Ã¢â¬Å"the key to success is to lose the fear to talk to people and end up feeling rejected. There is a lot of hard-work behind success, but at the end of the day you have to be confident enough to interact with strangers; otherwise, you will never know the opportunities that person could have had for youÃ¢â¬ . Listen more than you speak. Ã¢â¬Å"Show intrigue and enthusiasm in what people do. Ask questions others do not normally ask and show interest to learn about their experiences, not just to get their business cards. Networking is not all about you. This approach has helped me get some LinkedIn and business cards even without askingÃ¢â¬ , said Moyra. Take each day as a new opportunity. Of course, I usually attend many networking events and also use LinkedIn as my best ally to connect with target people. But networking also involves the most random daily situations: from starting a conversation with an Uber rider to a lame chat on the elevator about the sunny weather of San Francisco. Oddly enough, the latter led me to exchange business cards with a Product Marketing Manager of Salesforce. And, as a fundamental rule, follow up! You have met someone interesting. Now what? Be sure to keep the relationship alive because your follow-up is the the most crucial part. Sending articles or events you think they would enjoy have worked well for me. Almost half of our academic journey at Hult has passed and the main thing I have taken away is that effective networking is all about consistency. These beneficial relationships, just like any other form of human relationship, takes time the sooner you start, the better. My fellow Hult students and those future Hultians: mix, mingle, interact, engage, and engage some more. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s take our networks to where our dream jobs are! Kickstart your career right next door to Silicon Valley by studying at Hults San Francisco business school. To find out more, take a look at our blog Hult scores in top 20 in The EconomistÃ¢â¬â¢s Which MBA? ranking for 2019. Download a brochure or get in touch today to find out how Hult can help you to learn about the business world, the future, and yourself. Related posts Academics Beyond (narrow) business concepts: Ã¢â¬Å"SoftÃ¢â¬ skills turn out to be critical skills News Building success: Dual Degree students win at USASBE Community How going beyond business at Hult helped me launch my company Admissions Accepted Students Weekend: A weekend to remember Careers Career mapping: How to become an executive in the next 5 years 0 Thought leadership How to prepare for an uncertain future in a world of AI Instagram Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. Ã°Å¸â ¸: @jasminmanzano . Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. Ã°Å¸â ¸: @jasminmanzano . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interestsÃ¢â¬âstudents who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? Ã°Å¸â ¸: @iambrunadiniz . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interestsÃ¢â¬âstudents who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? Ã°Å¸â ¸: @iambrunadiniz . WeÃ¢â¬â¢re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, weÃ¢â¬â¢re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approachÃ¢â¬âHult offers a student experience like no other. . WeÃ¢â¬â¢re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, weÃ¢â¬â¢re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approachÃ¢â¬âHult offers a student experience like no other. . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana Ã¢Å" ¨ . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m excited for the futureÃ¢â¬âespecially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.Ã¢â¬Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021 Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana Ã¢Å" ¨ . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m excited for the futureÃ¢â¬âespecially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.Ã¢â¬Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021"> During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what youÃ¢â¬â¢ve accomplished this yearÃ¢â¬âand even this decadeÃ¢â¬âand what youÃ¢â¬â¢d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what youÃ¢â¬â¢ve accomplished this yearÃ¢â¬âand even this decadeÃ¢â¬âand what youÃ¢â¬â¢d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. Ã¢â¬Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve completely reversed my leadership styleÃ¢â¬âthe result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources IÃ¢â¬â¢ll get there.Ã¢â¬ . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . Ã¢â¬Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve completely reversed my leadership styleÃ¢â¬âthe result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources IÃ¢â¬â¢ll get there.Ã¢â¬ . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . Ã¢â¬Å"It was now or never. I knew that IÃ¢â¬â¢d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take this opportunity. IÃ¢â¬â¢d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the Ã¢â¬ËrightÃ¢â¬â¢ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.Ã¢â¬ . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . Ã¢â¬Å"It was now or never. I knew that IÃ¢â¬â¢d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take this opportunity. IÃ¢â¬â¢d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the Ã¢â¬ËrightÃ¢â¬â¢ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.Ã¢â¬ . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . Happy New Year, Hultians! . Happy New Year, Hultians! .
Sunday, May 17, 2020
MyanmarÃ¢â¬â¢s GDP in 1990 was 5.2 billion dollars and had per capita GDP of $123; these numbers took inflation account. It is widely accepted that the modern history of Myanmar in 1948 when the country gained independence from Britain. During this period, many scholars were initially optimistic of the potential for rapid economic development in Myanmar because of Ã¢â¬Å"its abundant natural resources, a relatively high literacy rate, absence of population pressure and a rigid caste system, and a relatively high social status given to women in the societyÃ¢â¬ (Than and Tan 1990:1). However, political instability following independence had led to the collapse of the Burmese economy in the mid-1980s. The GDP growth rate of 5.5 percent from 1985 to 1986Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Easterly argues Ã¢â¬Å"ethnic diversity has a more adverse effect on economic policy and growth when institutions are poorÃ¢â¬ (2001:703). In addition, more than 100 languages are spoken in Myanmar, ranging from the Tibetan-Burmese language to Hmong-Mien groups (). This is due MyanmarÃ¢â¬â¢s geographic position, which has resulted in the country attracting settlers from many different backgrounds throughout its long history. On top of the ethnic and language diversity, these various ethnic groups are religiously differentiated: some of the minorities share Buddhism with the Burmese majority, but there are also substantial communities of Muslims, Hindus, Christians and animists (). Since independence, Myanmar was in a constant state of political turmoil and the government failed to provide policies that Make an argument for why your countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic growth rate was as high or low as it was during these two decades. Walter Galenson argued Ã¢â¬Å"the more democratic a government is, the greater the diversion of resources from investment to consumptionÃ¢â¬ (1959: 388). Development economists like Przeworski further support this arguments and view that democracy is inimical to economic development because democratic institutions can better allocate resources and encourage investment by protecting private property rights (Przeworkski et al. 2004: 407). The GDP data of Myanmar in 1990 and 2010 provides an empirical evidence toShow MoreRelatedThe Republic Of Union Of Myanmar1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Republic of Union of Myanmar, but formally known as Burma, is the largest country in mainland South-East Asia by area. It borders with China to the east and India to the north. It stands exactly midway between Delhi and Bombay and Shanghai and Hong Kong. It is the missing link. It is also an unlikely twenty first century nexus. 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Currently, the imbalance in bilateral trade balance has increased tensionsRead MoreGeo Political Potential of Bangladesh in Context of South Asia1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnaturally beautiful Country .It is surrounded by India , Myanmar and the Bay of Bengal , for this reason it is called bridge between South Asia and East Asia as a result its position so much attractive among South Asia and rest of the world. 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Similar to other religions, there are three branchesÃ¢â¬âMahayana, Theravada, and Vajrayana. Mahayana Buddhists live primarily in China, Japan, and Korea and make up 56% of Buddhists. Theravada Buddhists live primarily in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Thailand and make up 38% of Buddhists. Vajrayana Buddhists live primarily in Tibet and Mongolia and make up 6% of Buddhists. An example of an Ethnic religion is Hinduism, which has 900 million adherents. Most of them live in India
Saturday, May 16, 2020
The Casablanca Conference occurred on January 1943 and was the third time President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill met during World War II. In November 1942, Allied forces landed in Morocco and Algeria as part of Operation Torch. Overseeing operations against Casablanca, Rear Admiral Henry K. Hewitt and Major General George S. Patton captured the city after a brief campaign which included a naval battle with Vichy French vessels. While Patton remained in Morocco, Allied forces under the direction of Lieutenant General Dwight D. Eisenhower pressed east into Tunisia where a stalemate with Axis forces ensued. Casablanca Conference - Planning: Believing that the campaign in North Africa would be quickly concluded, American and British leaders began debating the future strategic course of the war. While the British favored pushing north through Sicily and Italy, their American counterparts desired a direct, cross-Channel attack directly into the heart of Germany. As this issue, as well as several others, including plans for the Pacific, required extensive discussion, it was decided to schedule a conference between Roosevelt, Churchill, and their respective senior leadership under the codename SYMBOL. The two leaders selected Casablanca as the site of the meeting and organization and security for the conference fell to Patton. Choosing the Anfa Hotel to host, Patton moved forward with meeting the logistical needs of the conference. Though Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was invited, he declined to attend due to the ongoing Battle of Stalingrad. Casablanca Conference - The Meetings Begin: The first time an American president had left the country during wartime, Roosevelts trip to Casablanca consisted of a train to Miami, FL then a series of chartered Pan Am flying boat flights that saw him make stops in Trinidad, Brazil, and Gambia before finally arriving at his destination. Departing from Oxford, Churchill, weakly disguised as a Royal Air Force officer, flew from Oxford aboard an unheated bomber. Arriving in Morocco, both leaders were quickly whisked to the Anfa Hotel. The center of a one-mile-square compound that had been built by Patton, the hotel had previously served as housing for the German Armistice Commission. Here, the first meetings of the conference commenced on January 14. The next day, the combined leaderships received a briefing on the campaign in Tunisia from Eisenhower. As talks pushed forward, an agreement was quickly reached on the need to bolster the Soviet Union, focus bombing efforts on Germany, and win the Battle of the Atlantic. The discussions then bogged down when the focus shifted to allocating resources between Europe and the Pacific. While the British favored a defensive stance in the Pacific and a total focus on defeating Germany in 1943, their American counterparts feared allowing Japan time to consolidate their gains. Further disagreement arose in regard to plans for Europe after victory in North Africa. While American leaders were willing to mount an invasion of Sicily, others, such as US Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall desired to know Britains ideas for striking a killer blow against Germany. Casablanca Conference - The Talks Continue: These largely consisted of a thrust through southern Europe into what Churchill termed Germanys soft underbelly. It was felt that an attack against Italy would take Benito Mussolinis government out of the war forcing Germany to shift forces south to meet the Allied threat. This would weaken the Nazi position in France allowing for a cross-Channel invasion at a later date. Though the Americans would have preferred a direct strike into France in 1943, they lacked a defined plan to counter the British proposals and experience in North Africa had shown that additional men and training would be required. As it would be impossible to obtain these quickly, it was determined to pursue the Mediterranean strategy. Before conceding this point, Marshall was able to secure a compromise calling for the Allies to maintain the initiative in the Pacific without undermining efforts to defeat Germany. While the agreement allowed the Americans to continue seeking retribution against Japan, it also showed that they had been badly outmaneuvered by the better-prepared British. Among the other topics of discussion was obtaining a degree of unity between French leaders General Charles de Gaulle and General Henri Giraud. While de Gaulle considered Giraud an Anglo-American puppet, the latter believed the former to be a self-seeking, weak commander. Though both met with Roosevelt, neither impressed the American leader. On January 24, twenty-seven reporters were called to the hotel for an announcement. Surprised to find a large number of senior Allied military leaders there, they were stunned when Roosevelt and Churchill appeared for a press conference. Accompanied by de Gaulle and Giraud, Roosevelt forced the two Frenchmen to shake hands in a show of unity. Casablanca Conference - The Casablanca Declaration: Addressing the reporters, Roosevelt offered vague details about the nature of the conference and stated that the meetings had allowed the British and American staffs to discuss a variety of key issues. Moving forward, he stated that peace can come to the world only by the total elimination of German and Japanese war power. Continuing, Roosevelt declared that this meant the unconditional surrender of Germany, Italy, and Japan. Though Roosevelt and Churchill had discussed and agreed on the concept of unconditional surrender in the preceding days, the British leader did not expect his counterpart to make such a blunt statement at that time. In concluding his remarks, Roosevelt stressed that unconditional surrender did not mean the destruction of the population of Germany, Italy, or Japan, but it [did] mean the destruction of the philosophies in those countries which [were] based on conquest and subjugation of other people. Though the consequences of Roosevelts statement have been greatl y debated, it was clear that he desired to avoid the vague type of armistice that had ended World War I. Casablanca Conference - Aftermath: Following an excursion to Marrakesh, the two leaders departed for Washington, DC, and London. The meetings at Casablanca saw the mounting of a cross-Channel invasion delayed by a year, and given the Allied troop strength in North Africa, the pursuance of a Mediterranean strategy had a degree of inevitability. While the two sides had formally agreed on the invasion of Sicily, the specifics of future campaigns remained ambiguous. Though many were concerned that the unconditional surrender demand would reduce the Allies latitude to end the war and would increase enemy resistance, it provided a clear statement of war aims which reflected public opinion. Despite the disagreements and debates at Casablanca, the conference did work to establish a degree of kinship between the senior leaders of the American and British militaries. These would prove key as the conflict pushed forward. The Allied leaders, including Stalin, would meet again that November at the Tehran Conference.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Imprisoned on Mango Street Ã¢â¬Å"I am tired of looking at what we canÃ¢â¬â¢t have.Ã¢â¬ This particular quote explains that Esperanza desperately longs to leave Mango Street behind, but she also feels that she may be trapped forever. Esperanza is coming to realize she may never get out of Mango Street. Esperanza feels as though she is trapped many times. Three areas where Esperanza realizes just how trapped she is are a treasure in a furniture shop that they cannot have, EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s family making lies about when they will leave, and the past experiences of EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s family members. To begin, Esperanza first realizes how trapped she is in Mango Street in one of her routine visits to Ã¢â¬Å"GilÃ¢â¬â¢s Furniture Bought Sold.Ã¢â¬ Esperanza and Nenny discover aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Before the family had moved onto Mango Street, they had moved every year. EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s parents had always told stories about how they will move into a house that is unlike the others. Esperanza knows she is stuck on Mango Street, and that there is little chance that she may leave someday because of the number of times that she is denied something, such as in the furniture store. Esperanza feels ashamed and unprivileged with her home. Her family, on the other hand, tries to escape Mango Street as often as possible and visit rich homes nearby, the homes that they see in their dreams. Esperanza has become more ashamed of her home because of the way the nun that walked by one day reacted to her house, and by the way everyone around her wants to move away. She does not enjoy looking at what she cannot have. All she can do is watch her father tell stories of the house they will have one day as he holds a lottery ticket between his fingers. Finally, many of EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s family have been trapped in places they do not belong or want to be in. EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s mother had a chance to get out. Instead, she dropped out of school. EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s mother did this because she was ashamed of herself. All she wanted were material things. Her mother was very intelligent when she left school. Esperanza, along with her great-grandmother, was born in the Chinese year of the horse. Being born female in this year brings bad luck. This surely gave bad luck to her great-grandmother who sat by theShow MoreRelatedThe House on Mango Street and EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s Relationship with It537 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThroughout the course of Mango Street, EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship towards her house change. As time passes her feelings about the house itself change and the emotional impact of the house of her changes as well. EsperanzaÃ¢â¬â¢s house on Mango Street symbolizes her Mexican culture. For so long she has wanted to leave it. She envisions a different type of life than what she is used to - moving from house to house. Ã¢â¬Å"this house is going to be different / my life is going to be differentÃ¢â¬ . One can look atRead MoreThe Importance Of Having A Place - House1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthere were no bars, but the fact left him equally unimpressed. The prison which he had carved out of his own stupidity granted no paroles or pardons. It was a prison of foreverÃ¢â¬ (Okada 38). Although he is physically at home, he is psychologically imprisoned by his decision not to join the American army and become an outcast. Home for Ichiro would be a state of mind that would let him embrace his decision and exist as American and Japanese at the same time. These charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ quest for home makes themRead MoreThe House On Mango Street By Sandra Cisneros2004 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIn The House on Mango Street, by Sandra Cisneros, twelve-year-old Esperanza Cordero must navigate through the trials and tribulations that one can associate when encountering young adulthood. The author Cisneros, utilizes her unique writing style of vignettes to illustrate the narrative voice of Esperanza in her text. A major theme that can be seen as the most prominent thus far, is on the feminist role of Esperanza as a female in her Latin American culture. The House on Mango Street is an overallRead MoreThe Most First Generation Filipino Americans2517 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesthey were responsible for taking care of the fields. However, there were a number of those who preferred urban life that ended up staying in San Francisco. For those that stayed in San Francisco, they were situated in apartments around and on Kearny Street. Larger rooms were provided for those starting their families, and many Filipino-owned businesses began to emerge around where Kearny. Two communities, the Gran Oriente Filipino Masonic Lodge and the Caballeros de Dimas Alang of San Francisco, wereRead More Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela Fighting from Opposite Corners4125 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagesfinished a Bachelors of Art while serving as a clerk in Johannesburg. He became involved politically and decided he was going to aid his people by attacking the legal system as a professional attorney. At fifteen years of age, Peter Tosh found the streets of Trench Town. This was to be the scene for his lifework. Tosh had already been involved musically for many years in choirs and by picking up instruments like the guitar. It was in Trench Town that he met Marley and organized his army. It was musicRead MoreLiterary Criticism : The Free Encyclopedia 7351 Words Ã |Ã 30 PagesGrowing up Ethnic: Nationalism and the Bildungsroman in African-American and Jewish-American Fiction. University of Iowa Press. Karafilis, Maria. 1998. Crossing the Borders of Genre: Revisions of the Bindungsroman in Sandra Cisneros s the House on Mango Street and Jamaica Kincaid s Annie John. Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association. 31, no. 2: 63Ã¢â¬â78. Minden, Michael (1997): The German Bildungsroman: Incest and Inheritance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Moretti, Franco. 1987. TheRead MoreUAE Consumer Lifestyle Analysis42818 Words Ã |Ã 172 Pageshypermarkets offer consumers a wide selection of household goods at cheaper prices. Popular retail chains include Home Center, Homes R Us, The One, Marina and Pan Furniture. There is also a booming second-hand furniture market in the UAE, with many streets dedicated to the sale of second-hand furniture and household goods. This market caters to the many UAE residents who are unable to afford the higher prices typically on offer at retail stores. Shopping habits are quite different depending on consumersÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words Ã |Ã 518 Pagestype of locally-made gun an old name for Onitsha people stiff mat used in burial ceremonies, in roofing, and to make shelters bitter kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) creeping plant with edible fruit, like potato in appearance divination; shells of native mango fruit strung together and used by medicine men in divination divinerÃ¢â¬â¢s bag practise divination. This is part of the work of certain native doctors. A collection of various objects is used, including human and animal teeth, cowries, seeds, coins, piecesRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 Pagesdecades of its existence, Rastas used a variety of means to confront the Jamaican establishment, including street meetings, at which they denounced the system. George Eaton Simpson made his initial observations, which provided the data for the Ã¯ ¬ rst academic treatment of the movement, at these meetings in the early 1950s. He identiÃ¯ ¬ es six themes enunciated by Rastafarian preachers at these street meetings: the wickedness of white people, the 80 RASTAFARI superiority of black people, Jamaicas
How delicious and mouthwatering is a large slice of pizza, cheeseburger piled high with bacon or a hot fudge sundae with extra hot fudge? Most adults choose their favorite foods in early childhood and keep them throughout their life. The food and beverage industry has responded to AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s food passion. They have increased sugar in drinks and offer larger portions of food as well. The food and beverage industry has also specialized in food that appeals to children alone. From the exciting music, vibrant colors, celebrity filled commercials and the prizes promised in every box of cereal, children have become one of the main targets of the food and beverage industry. For many years obesity among youths was over looked but now there is anÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It becomes an issue when a child would rather sit and watch TV endlessly instead of going outside or even staying inside to engage in physical activity. Some children might even eat and drink while watching televi sion causing even more excessive weight gain. Children need to get back to playing outside and increasing their physical activity daily so extra calories can be burned instead of stored as fat. Over the years, academic pressure, the need for children to perform, competition with other countries, etc., has forced schools to slowly stray away from recess and physical education. This decision has also become a contributing factor to childhood obesity as well. According to the American Association for the ChildÃ¢â¬â¢s Right to Play, twenty percent of elementary schools in the U.S. have banned recess so students can spend more time on course curriculum in the classroom. It is important for every child to at least have thirty minutes of physical activity a day to reduce negative health issues. Currently, less than twenty five percent of children in the US get thirty minutes of physical activity a day (International Life Sciences, 1997). With less activity and excessive weight gain, hea lth problems become a major issue to childhood obesity. An overweight child can have the same health issues as an overweight adult. Obesity can cause high blood pressure; Type II Diabetes and depression just to name a few. Children that are severely obese miss four times
Onions famous Checkers Speech Is to inform Americans as to why he used $18,000 from a group of his supporters and to persuade them of the truth. He also alms to reveal the flaws In the standing government. The audience of the speech Is American citizens who were of voting age at the time and who owned a television. Or radio with which to watch or listen to the public address. The genre is a political speech. Richard Onions stance is expressing his story and his reasoning behind it. The media and design is a public announcement made on television and dreamed over the radio.Nixon begins his speech by addressing and connecting to the audience saying My Fellow Americans. He comes before his audience wanting to truthfully address the situation in which both his honesty and integrity have been questioned. He says that using the money from his supporters was not morally wrong but he regrets doing It. We will write a custom essay sample on Checkers: Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He then states that he did not use the money for personal reasons but to pay for political and campaign expenses. He states that he has proof that he did not use the money for personal reasons In the form of an Independent audit.Nixon then gives the audience a brief background of his financial history of relying on himself for the state of his finances. He says the only gift he was given that he kept was a dog name Checkers who was given to him by someone who read that he and his family were trying to get a dog. Nixon begins to close his speech by saying that he is addressing the people of America to gain their confidence as a fellow American. He is not asking for their support in running for Vice President, he is simply asking for them to hear his side of the story.He then begins to talk about the flaws in the current executive officers and how the country is in great danger of becoming corrupt with communism. He then says that President Truman played a great deal In getting the country into this mess and that the best person to get them out of the situation and make American the great country It once was is Dwight Eisenhower. Nixon wraps up his speech saying that he doesnt want to quit running for a political position, but cares more about not hurting Eisenhower chances at being the peoples choice for president.